Benneworth (Benniworth, Lincolnshire); Berrisford (Beresford, Alstonfield, Staffordshire, near the Derbyshire border); Biddulph (Staffordshire); Brackenbury (Brackenborough, Lincolnshire; a colleague of mine, Tony Brackenbury, once said to me: ‘I understand that if you’re a Brackenbury, that’s it…’, which reflected his belief that all Brackenburys are probably
related); Carlile (Carlisle, Cumberland); Chadwick (places in Lancashire, Warwickshire and Worcestershire); Fillingham (Lincolnshire); Gadsby (Gaddesby, Leicestershire); Kemplay (Kempley, Gloucestershire); Leavesley (the surname of the charismatic former Ilkeston Grammar School pupil, Steven `Leaf’ Leavesley; from an unidentified place in the Midlands); Lymbery (Limbury, Bedfordshire); Millership/ Millichip/Millchop/Millinchip/ Millchamp (Millichamp, Shropshire; in the year 2001, officials at Ilkeston Town Football club had among their number Paul Millership and Alex Millership); Offley (Staffordshire and Hertfordshire); Pitchford (in Shropshire; also found in Yorkshire as Pickford, Pitchforth, Pitchworth, Pitchfork and simply as Pitch); Queenborough. (Queenborough in Kent, or Queniborough in Leicestershire); Ro(1)liston (Rolleston in Nottinghamshire, Staffordshire, Leicestershire or Wiltshire, or Rowlston in Yorkshire); Skevington/Skeavington/ Skevinton (Skeffington in Leicestershire; there is a Skevington’s Lane in Ilkeston); Slatford (Slaughterford, Wiltshire); Spalton (from an untraced place name, though Spalding in Lincolnshire has been suggested); Strother (County Durham); Trevail (Treveal, Cornwall); Woollacott (Wollacott, in Thrushelton, Devon).
Searching for surnames by John Titford (Countryside Books, 2002), a practical step-by-step guide to unlocking the meaning and origins of surnames, is available from the Family Tree Magazine Postal Book Service. See pages 55-57.
Finding Americans in their indexed census
Where are the census films?
At any library or government office which wishes to buy them and make them available to the public. Can I buy a film of the American census? You certainly can, both from our government or from a group of commercial companies, at varying prices and of varying quality.
What does a census entry look like?
With this article are prints of census entries from 1790 and 1930.
John Bull’s attitude of smug superiority towards all things American cannot include the census, one of the USA’s most widely available resources.
When I think about English genealogy, I admire your treasure of parish records. When I think about American genealogy, I admire our treasure of indexed national population censuses. Nowhere else in the world has a country taken a national census for 200 years and kept the records, making them available today.
Why so much census?
When America became a separate nation after our Revolutionary War (1775-1783), we needed to inventory who and what made up this new country with its 13 component states. Our federal constitution gave each state two representatives in a national Senate. The constitution also set up a House of Representatives – like the British House of Commons but with different duties – its representatives based on population numbers. What population? The political constituency consisted of free white males – females did not vote.
One of the compromises that made America said that slaves counted as 3/5ths of a free white male, and thus our first census shows the number of free white males of military age (16 and over), of free white females, of slaves and ‘all other free persons’. So, in 1790 we have the first census list of heads of families – a few widows, and of persons living alone and having the chance to browse gnet.org/chase-away-your-blues-with-st-johns-wort. ‘All other free persons’ are a separate category.