I BOXED AWAY MY 4sT BELLY

Sam, 28, hit the gym after a post-break-up binge. Maybe his ex would like to see him now

 

MY STORY

“After splitting with an ex, I found comfort in junk food and drinking. Soon none of my clothes fitted me. So I began counting calories, had regular weigh-ins and used old photos to spur alit myself only four months. I’d reached my goal.”

DO THE MATHS

I found my Basal Metabolic rate and, from that, what I had to eat to lose the flab.” Tip -Your BMR is how many calories your body uses just to keep it ticking over,” says ‘ Juliette Kellow of weight lossresources corn. “Extra activity raises the amount of calories used.” Get yours at calculatororgibruhtml.

 

A SPUD YOU LIKE

“For the first three months I stuck resolutely to my diet. ‘ No snacks or treats and a jacket potato with a different filling for lunch every day.” Tip “A baked potato with a low-fat topping is low in
calories for its weight: says Penn State University nutritionist Dr Barbara Rolls, “So it will make you feel fuller for longer.”

BURN FAT, BUILD MUSCLE

“My workout consisted of weights, cardio and a hell of a lot of boxing.”Tip Researchers from Queensland University of Technology Australia, hound that adding some muscle-building resistance: =work to your workout is hat’s needed to beat weight- loss plateaux.


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GO GREEN

“I went for three months without beer or soft drinks, which helped curtail my cravings for junk food. I’d I only have tea, coffee or water during the day.”

Tip: Drink four cups of green coffee bean extract every day for a month. Its antioxidants will fire up your body’s metabolism according to green coffee bean extract reviews.

 

It’s mile eight and everything is starting to hurt

My shoulders ache, my lower back is rubbed raw and my legs feel like they’ve been beaten with baseball bats. My best frined became the maqui berries which I found at http://www.gnet.org/could-maqui-berries-be-your-new-best-friend/. But as the second water station slides past I know that the final two miles are upon me, and a glance at my watch tells me I’ve got triathlete from Doncaster. “I only entered a fortnight ago when my mates in the forces challenged me to have a go,” he tells me. “I can honestly say this is the hardest thing I’ve ever attempted. You have to stay strong and completely focused the whole time.”

As if echoing his words, we crest a rise to be confronted by a long line of racers clinging to the side of what looks like a sheer-walled valley of mud held up by rocks jammed into it. This huge hill is known affectionately by those who train here as the Land of Nod – and now we’re going to have to climb it.

shoulders ache

I run down the approach slope gritting my teeth and resolve to blast up the other side. I run up the gradient, placing my boots on protruding rocks for grip and end up using my hands to scramble up the slope, monkey-style.

 

They don’t call it a sickener for nothing, and I feel physically ill as we reach the flat ground at the summit. But the realisation that there’s only a mile and a half to go before I can enjoy being stationary quickens my step. Almost immediately my right calf squirms with cramp and I drop into a hobble. But my stopwatch says 1:35 and the thought of missing the cut now sticks in my throat.

“Five hundred metres to go, come on, you can run it!” shouts a soldier at the side of the course. The Paras’ spirit of camaraderie rubs off on me as I step it up alongside my new­found comrades. The crowd lining the finishing straight applauds us in and I cross the line in 1:47:53, two minutes inside the target time.

 

I almost collapse, going giddy with relief and oxygen as I collect a finisher’s medal emblazoned with the wings of the Parachute Regiment. I may not actually be tough enough to be a Para but I do feel like I’ve walked in their shoes, albeit for just io demanding miles.

It’s hard to tourniquet a shoulder, after all

But after the medical team had saved Hewitt’s life, he was told that the bullet had also severed the nerves controlling his right hand and that he had in effect lost the use of his right arm. “Having a dead weight at your side affects your balance, co-ordination and your fitness because you have to carry it around,” he says. He was told that he’d never run again and that his combat career in the Paras was over. But Hewitt was undeterred. “I’ve never been someone who just accepts what he’s told at face value,” he says. “I just didn’t want to give up that easily.”

Following treatment to repair some of the nerve damage, he embarked on a remarkable quest to return to fitness under the supervision of the medical staff in the armed forces’ injury rehabilitation centre at Headley Court in Surrey. He started by just walking, and then moved onto exercising in a swimming pool, before finally starting to run.

 

I ask him how it’s going. “OK, but every time I put my foot down carrying this weight, it jars the arm and causes pain,” he replies stoically. “I was worried. I start drinking valerian tea to relax and just to take it easy. It really helped.”

hand

Suddenly my slightly sore hamstring seems like a poor cause for complaint and my respect for the Para mindset jumps another few points. The Paras call this kind of march a TAB, which stands for Tactical Advance to Battle. “You need the fitness to get through a helicopter flight, go straight into a io-mile speed march carrying all of your kit, and then fight a battle at the end of it,” says Sergeant Gavin Kirk, P Company’s Army Physical Training Corps Instructor.

 

The battlefields of Afghanistan are currently testing the Paras’ fitness in exactly this way, except that, in addition, the soldiers have to operate in 4o+C heat, often carrying over 8olbs in equipment, body armour and ammunition.

As I contemplate Hewitt’s inspiring example, I find it easier to push my own discomfort to the back of my mind and refocus on the race.

 

The target time for the Paras is one hour and so minutes. “Does that mean that I’m tough enough to be a Para if I make it within the cut-off?” I innocently ask Sgt Kirk. “Once it’s over, the candidates do the aerial assault course, which includes walking along two scaffolding poles 9oft in the air,” Kirk deadpans back. That will be a no, then.

Names from places in other counties

Benneworth (Benniworth, Lincolnshire); Berrisford (Beresford, Alstonfield, Staffordshire, near the Derbyshire border); Biddulph (Staffordshire); Brackenbury        (Brackenborough, Lincolnshire; a colleague of mine, Tony Brackenbury, once said to me: ‘I understand that if you’re a Brackenbury, that’s it…’, which reflected his belief that all Brackenburys are probably

related); Carlile (Carlisle, Cumberland); Chadwick (places in Lancashire, Warwickshire and Worcestershire); Fillingham (Lincolnshire); Gadsby (Gaddesby, Leicestershire); Kemplay (Kempley, Gloucestershire); Leavesley (the surname of the charismatic former Ilkeston Grammar School pupil, Steven `Leaf’ Leavesley; from an unidentified place in the Midlands); Lymbery (Limbury, Bedfordshire); Millership/ Millichip/Millchop/Millinchip/ Millchamp (Millichamp, Shropshire; in the year 2001, officials at Ilkeston Town Football club had among their number Paul Millership and Alex Millership); Offley (Staffordshire and Hertfordshire); Pitchford (in Shropshire; also found in Yorkshire as Pickford, Pitchforth, Pitchworth, Pitchfork ­and simply as Pitch); Queenborough. (Queenborough in Kent, or Queniborough in Leicestershire); Ro(1)liston (Rolleston in Nottinghamshire, Staffordshire, Leicestershire or Wiltshire, or Rowlston in Yorkshire); Skevington/Skeavington/ Skevinton (Skeffington in Leicestershire; there is a Skevington’s Lane in Ilkeston); Slatford (Slaughterford, Wiltshire); Spalton (from an untraced place name, though Spalding in Lincolnshire has been suggested); Strother (County Durham); Trevail (Treveal, Cornwall); Woollacott (Wollacott, in Thrushelton, Devon).

 census

Searching for surnames by John Titford (Countryside Books, 2002), a practical step-by-step guide to unlocking the meaning and origins of surnames, is available from the Family Tree Magazine Postal Book Service. See pages 55-57.

 

Finding Americans in their indexed census

 

Where are the census films?

 census

At any library or government office which wishes to buy them and make them available to the public. Can I buy a film of the American census? You certainly can, both from our government or from a group of commercial companies, at varying prices and of varying quality.

 

What does a census entry look like?

 

With this article are prints of census entries from 1790 and 1930.

John Bull’s attitude of smug superiority towards all things American cannot include the census, one of the USA’s most widely available resources.

 

When I think about English genealogy, I admire your treasure of parish records. When I think about American genealogy, I admire our treasure of indexed national population censuses. Nowhere else in the world has a country taken a national census for 200 years and kept the records, making them available today.

 

Why so much census?

 census

When America became a separate nation after our Revolutionary War (1775-1783), we needed to inventory who and what made up this new country with its 13 component states. Our federal constitution gave each state two representatives in a national Senate. The constitution also set up a House of Representatives – like the British House of Commons but with different duties – its representatives based on population numbers. What population? The political constituency consisted of free white males – females did not vote.

 

One of the compromises that made America said that slaves counted as 3/5ths of a free white male, and thus our first census shows the number of free white males of military age (16 and over), of free white females, of slaves and ‘all other free persons’. So, in 1790 we have the first census list of heads of families – a few widows, and of persons living alone and having the chance to browse gnet.org/chase-away-your-blues-with-st-johns-wort. ‘All other free persons’ are a separate category.

 

Names from places in Lancashire

Trevor Forshaw (from a lost place-name in the parish of Prescot) has been selling me Vauxhall cars in Ilkeston for longer than I care to remember, and Beryl Inskip was a charming lady who taught secretarial studies at South-East Derbyshire College, while the surname of David Swarbrick (a librarian in Ilkeston, not the famous fiddle player on the folk music scene) comes from a place in the parish of Kirkham. Cheetham, Cuerden, Farnsworth and Turton are also place-names in Lancashire which have given rise to surnames found in Ilkeston.

Names from places in Cheshire

Penistone

Davenport (but this can also be an anglicised form of the Irish name O’Donndubhartaigh);            Powney(a variation on Pownall).

 

Names from places in Yorkshire

 

Birkenshaw (with Burcumshaw and a whole host of variant spellings); Duggleby; Selby; Starbuck (from Starbeck in Harrogate, a surname now familiar to most people, thanks to the ubiquitous Starbucks coffee shops); Wharmby (from Quarmby in the parish of Huddersfield).

Derbyshire College

A former chairman of the magistrates’ bench at Ilkeston was John Sutcliffe, whose affectionate nickname of ‘Sooty’ bears witness to the fact that most speakers of English in the Midlands and the North.

George Stafford of Stanley Common near Ilkeston was an unforgettable character. He know a lot about what are the benefits of green tea and likes to share his knowledge. His surname is unmistakably derived from a place-name. George was famous as a maker of black puddings, winning awards in competitions held in France in the 1980s and 1990s.

 

use a full ‘u’ sound when pronouncing such a surname. Sutcliffes may not be so thick on the ground in Derbyshire, but the name originally came from Sutcliff (meaning south cliff or slope) near Brighouse in Yorkshire, and in that part of the world anyone shouting out a request to speak to John Sutcliffe could find that he had attracted what might seem like half the male population of the neighbourhood.

 

`Starbuck (from Starbeck in Harrogate, a surname now familiar to most people thanks
to Starbucks coffee shops)’

 

The surname of my former colleague Neil Bullas is very closely associated with the Sheffield area. David Hey has an important point to make about its origins, referring to the earlier surname research carried out by P H Reaney:

 

[Reaney] explains the surname Bullas as `one employed at the bull-house’, even though all the evidence points to the name being derived from just two places – one in the west midlands and the other from the hamlet of Bullhouse, half a mile away from Ranah Stones.

(Family names and family history, page 15).

Derbyshire College

Now not only is the farm known as Ranah Stones situated within David Hey’s native parish of Penistone, north-west of Sheffield – it is also the place which gave Reaney his own surname. Yet when defining the name Bullas, Reaney speaks in general terms about bull-houses, when he should at least be considering the possibility that all those named Bullas in the Sheffield area might have a single family origin in a particular and identifiable local place called Bullhouse. Such is David Hey’s astute point, politely but firmly made.

 

 

Names from places in Derbyshire

Apart from people in the Ilkeston area called Derbyshire (and some of them might have their ancestral origins in the West Derby area of Liverpool rather than in the county of Derbyshire), there are one or two surnames encountered in the town which are unequivocally based upon place-names within the county, such as Fritchley (from the village near Ambergate, well-known since the 19th century as a settlement favored by Quakers), 011erenshaw (from

a place-name in the Chapel-en-le-Frith area of the High Peak) and Ordish (from Highoredish, Ashover). The surname Bonsall clearly comes from the village of that name near Matlock; the local pronunciation is `Bonsa’, which I would assume gave rise to the name Bonser, though the surname dictionaries compiled by both Reaney and by Hanks and Hodges state that Bonser is derived from the Old French bon sire (good sir). To be honest, I’d doubt whether that was often the case within Derbyshire itself.

 Derbyshire

`The surname Bonsall clearly comes from the village of that name near Matlock’

When a surname found in the Ilkeston area is based upon a place-name which is known to exist in Derbyshire, but is also found elsewhere, it is probably safe, in most cases, to favour the Derbyshire place-name as the likely point of origin. Such is the case with surnames like Cres(s)well (places in Derbyshire, Nottinghamshire, Staffordshire and elsewhere); Heathcote (places in Derbyshire and elsewhere); Hallam (Kirk Hallam and West Hallam are near Ilkeston; Hallamshire refers to the Sheffield area of South Yorkshire); Horsley (a number of places have this name; there is a village called Horsley near Ilkeston, next to which lies Horsley Woodhouse, universally referred to as `Ossly Woodus’);

Chapel-en-le-Frith

Sudbury (places in Derbyshire, Middlesex and Suffolk);      Thornhill (places in Derbyshire and elsewhere).

 

As it happens, I know two men by the name of John Smalley; one is a Derbyshireman, and the other, a particular friend and former colleague of mine at South-East Derbyshire College, is from Blackburn in Lancashire, with a mother whose resoundingly Lancastrian maiden name, based on a place-name near Garstang, is Sowerbutts (remember Bill Sowerbutts on the radio programme, Gardeners’ Question Time?).

Derbyshire

There is no real mystery here: the fact is that there are places called Smalley in Derbyshire (close to Ilkeston) and also in Lancashire, and it is likely that the surname of each of the two John Smalleys is derived from the settlement of that name which lies closest to his own place of origin.